Marjan Forest Park Split
Marjan Hill - Discover the Green Oasis in Split
Before reading some interesting facts about Marjan Hill in Split (Croatia), you should write down a few things you MUST DO while visiting Marjan:
- Drink coffee on the beachfront terrace of Restaurant Benedikt (Bene)
- Hike to highest place called Vidila and make some unforgettable photos
- Go swimming on Kašjuni beach and have some refreshing cockailts in Joe's Beach Lounge and Bar
- Go biking around Marjan peninsula
Marjan is a hill and forest park located on the western part of the Split peninsula, and also makes one smaller peninsula. At the foot of hill Marjan, on east side, is the town of Split. Only the hill is 178 meters high and the highest peak is called Telegrin. The name Telegrin was given by the fact that it was an old telegraph station in Napoleon's era. Marjan is indivisible from Split and Split peninsula and stretches from Marmont street to the west. It is about 3.5 km long and 1.5 km wide. Its northern side is limestone, and the south of the flea dominates the pit over which fertile soil has emerged. On the south side of Marjan is the Sustipan peninsula, which closes together with Marjan's town harbor. Marjan itself is positioned to make a natural valley of the Kaštela Bay. The surface of Marjan is about 340 hectares, half of which is covered with pine forests. In 1964, Marjan was declared a park-forest, thus protected by the Law on Nature Protection of the Republic of Croatia.
The name Marjan was first mentioned in the first half of the 8th century as Marianum, and over time the name changed, so it was also mentioned as Marulianus, Mergnanus, Murnanus, Marnanus, Murnano, Marnano, Mergnano, Mernjan, Marglian, Mirgnan, Megnan. Another name has been recorded, which has nothing to do with the above names. It was Mons Kyrie eleison, and it came from church processions and blessings of fields that worked on it. Today's name was created in the 19th century by changing the older form of Merjan, which is still preserved in the old Splinic, and originates from an older Mrjan. It suited the shape of Mrljan that used Andrija Kačić Miošić, and closer to the Split hinterland.
The area of Marjan hill is connected with Split and can not be observed separately. The first and the oldest traces of human life were found on the hillside of Bambina Glavica, on the southern slope of the hill and date back into prehistory. The Romans left considerable clues about Marjan, such as the names Marulianus, Marnanus and Mons Kyrielson. Marjan's old-age presence dates back to the construction of the Diocletian's Palace, when on the top of Marjan was the temple of the Roman goddess of hunt, Diana. At that time, there was a road from Spalatum to the temple, which is a testimony to Marjan's significance. Records from the Middle Ages are also mentioned by Marjan, especially in the Statute of Split (1312), where the logging of Marjan's wood is prohibited. There are a number of churches in the area of Marjan, some of which are very old and valuable archaeological monuments.
Only the area of the Split peninsula has 40 sacral buildings, and around the Marjan peninsula there are 12 churches. On the south side of Marjana there is the church of Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows, which was built in the 15th century. At the Marjana Point, as it is locally called the end of the western shore, is the second church, Sv. Jura, dated to the 9th century. A little further west or more, under the vertical cliffs, is the church of Sv. Jere, built in the second half of the 15th century, contains the relief of St. Jerome made by sculptor Andrija Aleš. Near the church there is the Pustinjačka cave, which allegedly inhabited the Sv. Jerome. Also on the south side, just eastward, there is a Betlem church, built in the 14th century, and later restructured. Very beautiful is also the church of St. Nicholas, located on Vidilica. On the northern side of Marjan Forest Park there is a church of Our Lady of Spinut, which is considered to have been built in the Early Christian period, but today it has all the features of later remodeling that took place in the Romanesque era. In the Bay of Bene, there was an old Croatian church of St. Benedict, today's ruin. Its remains were found in 2002. It was built in pre-Romanesque style and dates back to 9-11. Century.
There is written evidence of other churches, but those over time have been destroyed, and the material traces of their existence have been lost. At Marjan Park, today, there are several important institutions, some of which are famous around the world. The Institute for Oceanography and Fisheries has been established at the Marjan Point since 1930, and on the very hill of the Natural History Museum, which also operates a ZOO, was founded in 1924 and the Meteorological Observatory was founded in 1926. The youngest of all is MEDILS, the Mediterranean Institute for Life Research, which operates from the southern side of Marjana, in the villa of Dalmatia, Tito`s villa.
Marjan is now a park-forest, fortification Marjan began in 1852 in the Jewish cemetery, which is among the oldest in the world and dating from 1573 when the Venetian authority in Split issued a document granting land to the Jewish community. The cemetery is today a historic rarity, containing about 700 ancient graves and was proclaimed a monument of the first category. Nowadays, Marjan is a favorite excursion site and promenade of the inhabitants of Split, and during summer, swimming place. Beautiful beaches and coves such as Ježinac, Zvončac, Kašjuni, Bene are favorite bathing resort to many people from Split.
Marjan Activities & Things To Do
The Split Cycling Tour takes you on a route through Split by the sea. You will visit Split’s beaches, bays, and other famous sites. You will see Diocletian’s Palace, Marjan park, and other well-known locations.
Take a kayak trip around the coast of Split and explore Marjan, Mosor and Kozjak mountains from a different perspective in a fun, exciting way.
Enjoy unique Deep water soloing, a new type of rock climbing on Marjan Hill in which every climb starts and ends in the sea.
Marjan Hill with hundreds of rock climbing routes offers a challenge and a new experience to anyone who likes climbing.
Pssst, there are some less known attractions in Split you should definitely see.